As we noted in the previous chapter, 1 and 2 kings originally comprised one book of history. Interesting facts about 2 kings barnes bible charts author. Second kings is the twelfth book in the old testament, immediately after 1 kings and before 1 chronicles. The second part of christian bibles is the new testament, originally written in. Studying 1 and 2 kings can help students understand the history that forms the background for many of the prophetic books of the old testament. The two kingdoms, northern and southern, continue to fight each other. An introduction and commentary tyndale old testament commentaries d. The old testament book of 2 kings but i know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against me. This summary of the book of 2 kings provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme. The books of kings describes the history of israel s kings from the end of the rule of david until the time of the babylonian exile so it writes about a time of about 453 years. This summary of the book of 2 kings provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of 2 kings.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The books of history in the old testament mostly tell the story of the israelites in the land god promised them. The original, unrevised text of this volume has been completely retypeset and printed in a larger, more attractive format with the new cover design for the series. Books in italics are not in the hebrew bible, but are included in the greek and latin christian bibles. The books of kings are a set of books in the old testament. The new testament does not include more direct old testament verses from the books in italics. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of bible. Old testament verses used in the new testament part 2 of 2. Coregent with predecessor or successor the years in brackets give alternative calculations.
However, we see only 24 old testament books in the hebrew or jewish scriptures. The books of kings were probably written during the time of judahs captivity in babylon which begins at the end of second kings. The majority of 1 kings was written prior to 586 b. Together, the two books of 1 and 2 kings cover the period from the last days of davids reign to the captivity of judah also referred to as the babylonian captivity. The book of 2 kings, along with 1 kings, was likely written between 560 and 540 b. Books of samuel, two old testament books that, along with deuteronomy, joshua, judges, and 1 and 2 kings, belong to the tradition of deuteronomic history first committed to writing about 550 bc, during the babylonian exile. The book of 2 chronicles was likely written between 450 and 425 b. Kings, second book ofcommentaries, commentaries old. Aug 07, 2016 here you can find quick, 3minute guides to every book of the old testament. The book of 2 nd kings is narrative history and prophecy concerning the affairs of the divided kingdoms. The israelites unfaithfulness was reflected in the evil idolatry of the kings and resulted in god exercising his righteous wrath against their rebellion.
Though old testament saints did not understand this, it was still a type of this truth. God loves us all and wants us to repent and obey himfor our good. Summary of the books of kings the story of the bible. We are told which kings were good and which ones were evil in gods eyes. This is because some of these books are combined together. The two books of kings present a history of ancient israel and judah from the death of king david to the release of. What is the story of the history books in the old testament. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading 1 and 2 kings tyndale old testament commentaries book 9. The book of kings is the ninth book of the hebrew bible or the eleventh and twelfth books of the christian old testament. Because thy rage against me and thy tumult is come up into mine ears, therefore i will put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and i will. God establishes solomons reign over israel 1 kgs 15 god establishes his temple in jerusalem 1 kgs 69 solomon turns from god. Having been anointed by elisha to punish the house of ahab for its great wickedness, jehu set about his task with a frightening zeal.
Book of 2 kings read, study bible verses online bible study tools. Although this code includes both moral and ritualistic requirements, the later historian emphasizes ritual. The majority of 2 kings was written prior to 586 b. Possibly jeremiah or a group of prophets time written. Van gorder 2 kings we now come to perhaps the saddest book of all jewish history.
The two books, which were originally one, are principally concerned with the origin and early history of the monarchy of ancient israel. Overview and significant sections this book continues the story of the monarchy begun in i kings. The two books of kings are called the 3 rd and 4 th book of kings in the septuagint as well as the vulgate. The book of 2 kings is the last book in the former prophets division of the old testament. An introduction to the books of first and second kings. Listen to chuck swindolls overview of second kings in his audio message from the. The third book of kings this and the following book are called by the holy fathers the third and fourth book of kings. Book of second kings overview insight for living ministries. The books in the old testament that have more than one book would include the books of samuel, kings, and chronicles. The main idea a brief yet accurate statement aboutthe purpose, meaning, and importance of the bible bookunder discussionquick quotes comments from noted. It concludes the deuteronomistic history, a history of israel also comprising the books of joshua and judges and the book of samuel, which biblical commentators believe was written to provide a theological explanation for the destruction of the kingdom of judah by babylon in. Sweeney provides a major contribution to the prominent old testament library series with advanced discussions of textual difficulties in the books of kings as well as compelling narrative interpretations.
And he said, give them to the people that they may eat. The book of 2 kings describes the history of the northern kingdom of israel and the southern kingdom of judah, focusing on the spiritual successes and failures of each kingdom. Interesting facts about 1 kings barnes bible charts author. Notes on 2 kings from king james bible old testament. Elisha was a prophet of god and by doing this these young men were denying the work of god, denying the word of god and gods actions in history. That means that the two books of kings cover a period of the jews history of about 400 years. Books of the bible list order complete new and old testament. The book was divided into the two books of first kings and second kings in the historical books of the greek septuagint old testament, and continues as such. Get a detailed summary and analysis of every chapter in the book from.
Free 2 kings summary of king james bible old testament by. Only the more direct old testament verses recorded in the new testament new kjv are listed. Choose from 500 different sets of quiz old testament 2 kings bible flashcards on quizlet. The recording is dramatized, from the king james bible. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. As the name of the books of kings shows, the two books tell mostly about the various kings that ruled in israel and judah. The book of kings is a unique source for understanding the history of israel from the last days of the united kingdom under david to the eventual fall of the kingdoms of israel and judah.
Everything which is known of him can be characterized by the statement in 2 kings 9. They contain the history of the kingdoms of israel and juda, from the beginning of the reign of solomon, to the captivity. Books of kings, two books of the hebrew bible or the protestant old testament that, together with deuteronomy, joshua, judges, and 1 and 2 samuel, belong to. The deuteronomistic history, of which 2 kings is a part, addresses the questions of those who had experienced the fall of the north to assyria in 722721 b.
Jan 02, 2020 the tradition is that 1 and 2 chronicles were written by ezra. Joshua is the first book in this section and the book of 2 kings is the last. Includes unit bibliographies and a glossary of genres and formulas. The author is neither indicated in the text nor known by scholars. Chronicles starts with the first adam and ends leading to the last. Ancient tradition identifies jeremiah as the author of 1 and 2 kings. Both judaism and christianity see it as a part of the bible. Almost all of israels northern kings commit great evil, expanding on the practices of their fathers. When god picked abraham to lead his people, he promised abraham a certain amount of land in canaan.
No other commentary on kings offers as much historical background and wellconsidered judgment in such concise and accessible form. It ends with the lamentable and tragic demise and destruction of the nations of israel and judah. The prophets is grouped into former prophets joshua2 kings not. Pastors, lay bible teachers and others who find their subject material rich and challenging but their preparation time running out will be informed and inspired by this commentarys approach to old testament scholarship which includes. Learn quiz old testament 2 kings bible with free interactive flashcards. It records the carrying away into captivity of israel by assyria in 721 b. Colin buchanan the books of the old testament lyrics.
The tribes of judah, benjamin, and some of levi were serving a pagan king in a faraway country. The books of 1 and 2 kings are placed in the former prophets section of the old testament. Jewish tradition credits jeremiah the prophet as the author of 1 kings, although bible scholars are divided on the issue. Just click any books name, and get a highlevel idea of what its about. Others attribute a group of anonymous authors called the deuteronomists, since language from the book of deuteronomy is repeated in 1 kings.
The book also explains why israel and judah lost the lords protection and were conquered. Has the final chapter of the history of israel been written, or is there still a glorious story waiting to unfold in the future. He was a great man in the sight of his master and highly regarded, because through him the lord had given victory to aram. Watch our overview video on the books of 12 kings, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Fundamentally exegetical, the fotl volumes examine the structure, genre, setting, and intention of the biblical literature in question. The old testament also known as the jewish tanakh is the first 39 books in most christian bibles. David pawson teaching trust 2019 david pawson observes that the book of kings begins with king solomon who began well by asking for wisdom, so god gave him everything he didnt ask for as. Books of kings bible britannica encyclopedia britannica.
According to jewish tradition in the talmud the author was the prophet jeremiah. First kings is the eleventh book in the old testament, immediately after 2 samuel and before 2 kings. Books of kings, two books of the hebrew bible or the protestant old testament that, together with deuteronomy, joshua, judges, and 1 and 2 samuel, belong to the group of historical books deuteronomic history written during the babylonian exile c. He was not harsh and unfeeling in the old testament as some imagine. First kings was written to record history but, more important, to teach the lessons of history. The second book of the kings commonly called, the fourth book of the kings. First, the lord will judge his people when they disobey and turn their backs on him. In catholic bibles they are considered deuterocanonical, in protestant bibles they are called the apocrypha greek, hidden books and collected into a separate section between the old. The name stands for the original promise with god to the descendants of abraham in particular prior to the coming of jesus christ in the new testament or the new promise. Kings, first book ofcommentaries, commentaries old. There are three prominent themes present in the book of 2 kings. The tradition is that the prophet jeremiah was the author of both 1 and 2 kings.
In kings, davids son solomon leads israel to greatness, only to. He was most likely a prophet, because many of the historical events were recorded in light of israels and judahs faithfulnessor unfaithfulnessto their covenant with god. For example, we find 1 samuel and 2 samuel combined as one book, 1 kings and 2 kings combined as one book, and so on. In the hebrew canon, the book of chronicles is the last book of the old testament. Sep, 2012 this is the holy book of 1 kings, known as the second book of the kings, otherwise called the fourth book of the kings. Watch our overview video on the books of 1 2 kings, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. For an outline of both 1 and 2 kings see introduction to 1 kings. The old testament abbreviated ot is the first part of the christian biblical canon, which is based primarily upon the twentyfour books of the hebrew bible or tanakh, a collection of ancient religious hebrew writings by the israelites believed by most christians and religious jews to be the sacred word of god. Old testament king james version of the bible, the second book of the kings commonly called, the fourth book of the kings. The books of 1 kings and 2 kings were originally one book. Kings shows man ruling, chronicles shows god over ruling old testament survey, james knox, p 210, in your book page 4849 the book of chronicles mainly deals with judah and the southern kingdom. Da da da da da da da da da first comes genesis, exodus, leviticus numbers and deuteronomy joshua, judges, ruth and 1 samuel 2 samuel, 1 kings and 2.
Hence, the newer histories have been preserved in the old testament along with the older ones. I kings and ii kings are two books in the old testament of the bible. The holy bible book 12 2 kings kjv dramatized audio. Book of first kings overview insight for living ministries.973 526 568 449 1389 308 1030 567 41 811 212 546 138 947 1363 177 1098 710 736 859 1662 923 1035 530 1135 1173 1165 850 812 1115 1467 1111 1273 1307 273 345 808